The meeting with Jethro ends in an alliance with Madian, and the appointment of a corps of judges subordinate to Moses, to attend to minor decisions.At Sinai the Ten Commandments are promulgated, Moses is made mediator between God and the people, and, during two periods of forty days each, he remains in concealment on the mount, receiving from God the multifarious enactments, by the observance of which Israel is to be moulded into a theocratic nation (cf. On his first descent, he exhibits an all-consuming zeal for the purity of Divine worship, by causing to perish those who had indulged in the idolatrous orgies about the Golden Calf ; on his second, he inspires the deepest awe because his face is emblazoned with luminous horns.Then God carries out his dreadful threat to pass through the land and kill every first-born of man and beast, thereby executing judgment on all the gods of Egypt. He joins the stricken populace in begging the Hebrews to depart.At the head of 600,000 men, besides women and children, and heavily laden with the spoils of the Egyptians, Moses follows a way through the desert, indicated by an advancing pillar of alternating cloud and fire, and gains the peninsula of Sinai by crossing the Red Sea.
An elder brother ( Exodus 7:7 ) and sister ( Exodus 2:4 ), Aaron and Mary (AV and RV, Miriam ), had already graced the union of Jochabed and Amram.
Pharaoh softens at times but never sufficiently to meet the demands of Moses without restrictions.
He treasures too highly the Hebrew labour for his public works. The Hebrews, forewarned by Moses, celebrate the first Pasch or Phase with their loins girt, their shoes on their feet, and staves in their hands, ready for rapid escape.
Diffidence at once gives way to faith and magnanimity.
Moses bids adieu to Jethro (Raguel), and, with his family, starts for Egypt.
In his new surroundings, he was schooled "in all the wisdom of the Egyptians " ( Acts ).