These engines produced a DIN-rated power output of 128 k W (174 PS; 172 bhp), and 240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft) of torque.
Since the two 'rows' of pistons and cylinders share a single cylinder head and head gasket, the piston crown (or top surface) is tilted.
The drop-forged steel six-throw crankshaft runs in seven main bearings; unlike the majority of wide angle V6 engines which have only four main bearings.
The connecting rod bearing journals are offset 22° to one another.
The VR6 is also able to use the firing order of a straight-six engine.
The narrow angle between cylinders allows the use of just one cylinder head - whereas wider angle Vee engines require two separate cylinder heads, one for each cylinder bank.
This made it possible for Volkswagen to install six-cylinder engines in existing four-cylinder cars.